Atlantic Avenue

For Atlantic Avenue east of Cleveland, visit Zone 6. There are additional images west of Georgia Avenue located in Zone 1. Prior to 1943 Atlantic Avenue was dominated by the elevated Long Island Railroad, which was subsequently placed underground. The LIRR closed the local run between East New York and Jamaica on November 1, 1939 to commence the removal of the tracks. Service reopened on July 1, 1944. A number of images here document that change.

Atlantic and Georgia, 1942-1943
I'm going to run this series west to east. The first shot is a view of the northwest corner,looking west ,and shows the work underway to remove the el. On the right, the view in 1943 with the work completed. We have additional view os this intersection on the Georgia Avenue page.
Atlantic and Vermont
On the south side of Atlantic sat Congress Hall, on the corner of Vermont Street. Originally a hotel owned by George Schiellein, it was an important meeting place for many years. In the 1929 Armbruster photo the building was then known as the Ardley Palace. On the right is a rare interior view sent in by JoAnn Montgomery. The "Agonist Bent Association" was philosophical society from the turn of the century. This picture was from a Christmas party in 1927.
On the southeast corner of Vermont and Atlantic is Maxwell's Bakery, a long time favorite of the area, seen in this 2005 photo from Neil Sullivan.
Atlantic and Pennsylvania, 1944
The view is west across Pennsylvania Ave. We have a number of shots of this intersection on the Pennsylvania Avenue page. Neil SUllivan provided the 2006 view.
Atlantic and Van Siclen, 1940,1938
The photo on the right is from arrts-arrchives, and though essentially the same shots 2 years apart, arrts' photos shows the name of the coal company, Luzerne. That photo, from 1938, is incorrectly identified as east of Hendrix. The Brian Merlis image on the left clearly shows the Van Siclen sign. Luzerne had their own rail connection to the elevated tracks, and though I have not confirmed it I assume they delivered coal to the Ridgewood pumping station. Also note the pre-Exxon "Esso" station.
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These 2 great early photos are from Janice Abrams. Janice sent us a great early shot of 87 Barbey (posted on the Barbey St. page in Zone 2). Her grandfather owned an Iron shop on Atlantic Avenue near Barbey known as the Philips Iron Shop and these photos were taken outside and inside. We are trying to pinpoint the exact location, sometime between 1910-1930.
Atlantic west from Jerome, Vienna Flats
The 1943 view on the left comes from the Brian Merlis archives and and shows the entrance to the Vienna Flats apartments on the corner as well as the Borden Milk plant in the distance. Vincent Luongo sent the 2005 view of the Flats, the name is still visible at the top. Although it appears to be on the 1908 Plat maps, city records show it being built in 1928.
Borden Milk Plant
We're still researching this plant. At the turn of the century the location belonged to the Empire State Dairy. That rare postcard view comes from the Brian Merlis archives. It is the southwest corner of Atlantic and Schenck, with Schenck on the right hand side of this view. At the time the Borden Dairy was located over on Liberty Avenue between New Jersey and Vermont, on the site of the old St. John's. Borden buys the Empire State Dairy, and builds a new plant in this location. Neil Sullivan supplied the 2006 view of the plant, long closed. We are still researching the dates of the plant and its closure. Rod Maggio adds that Borden was still using horse wagons into the 1940s, still doing milk and ice cream out of the plant in the 1950s (step wagons then). Tony Cottone notes Schenck was 2 way from Liberty to Atlantic then.
Borden Milk Plant
The Borden's plant had some great tilework, and Glen Gochal managed to get these closeups for us before the plant disappears. Michael Padwee, a tile collector and historian, informed me the tiles were made by the American Encaustic Tiling Co. of Zanesville, OH.
Borden Milk Plant
Michael Padwee also tracked down the blueprints. Although the image is not strong, it contains some important facts. You can see the building designed by Otto Strack was intended for the Empire State Dairy, not Bordens. The plans were dated 1913 which gives us a good idea of the building date. We are not sure when Bordens bought the Empire State Dairy and if the sign needed to be changed. On the right, a closeup from Glen.
Atlantic Ave., 1982
Rod Maggio took these shots in 1982. On the left, the southwest corner of Warwick and Atlantic was Joe Arcaro's music store and a diner where the Aamco is sitting. Note St. Michael's tower in the background. On the right, the northeast corner of Barbey and Atlantic, site of Kitty Rascher's bar in the 50's and later "Stash". Tony Davenport recalls the owner was Stan Anania and he played football with his son Ivan on the Lynvets.
Atlantic and Warwick, 1940
A view of the southwest corner, looking west. Some neat details; a cigar/candy store, a barber pole, and the Warwick Diner as you move down the block. On the very far left you can see the street is closed off with a "play street" sign. Therese Panariello confirmed that was for St. Michael's. On the right, Joanne Montgomery supplies a tax photo shot of that neat-looking Warwick Diner.








Novocol Chemical, 1940
The building on the north side of Atlantic by Warwick was a fairly nondescript factory for Novocol Chemical- a manufacturer of Procain, the novocain used by dentists. Developed by a German scientist, the U.S. used to import it until World War I. At this point a license was issued in the U.S. to synthesize and produce the drug, and Novocol switched from importing to manufacturing. There is a partial view of the plant on the left of the 1940 image. Rod Maggio recalls they had more than one plant in the area. Al Pugliese recalls the loading dock was their "dugout" for stickball games!

The building now has a new future as the permanent home for the Cypress Hills Community School. On September 17, 2007 the Cypress Hills Development Corp announced they had received funding to renovate the building for the school, which has been in temporary quarters for ten years.
Atlantic east of Warwick, 1920
Two views east down the elevated LIRR tracks, the stacks of the pumping station are visible in the distance. Advertising on the right hand side; Cowperthwait was a furniture and bedding store, Knorpp Candy visible in the distance, and even further down "Weisglass" is visible past Logan. Knorpp was a longtime candy maker in the area, dating to 1910, and when it closed in the 1960s the building was sold to a toy company that used the building for storage; it was destroyed in a fire in 1966.
Atlantic and Ashford, 1940
A view looking north, towards Atlantic. From Arrts Arrchives.
Atlantic and Cleveland, 1940
The first view is of the southwest corner, looking west. You can see the Ashford Garage from the above picture, and in the distance the sign for the Warwick Diner. That's the Brooklyn Union Gas Co. on the corner. The second shot is looking north towards Atlantic. I was able to make out "Oakland Fur Dyeing" on one of the trucks.